The proper internet connection for your home or office is set thanks to the right wireless router, nowadays. The old ones which used cables have been replaced by this new technology, making it much more convenient to connect and to use the internet. Finding the right one for the job can be quite the enigma because so many different ones can be found and can be purchased. If you are looking for best WiFi routers in India for home use, then this guide will surely help you in choosing the right wireless routers.
What is WiFi/Wireless Router
A WiFi router or more commonly known as wireless router is an electronic device that performs the exact function of a wired router but wirelessly. The WiFi routers also include functions of wireless access point. The points are used to provide access to other virtual private networks as well as to Internet. As with the increasing popularity of both internet and smartphones, wireless routers are also getting popularized. Most people need personal router at their home or for their office to have fast way of surfing internet. These WiFi routers are the heart of many of the home networks for quick transmission of network data.
Brief History of Wireless Router
When this wireless router was first introduced many years back, it was one of the first 802.11 ac draft WiFi routers. Back then, there were a few issues with the firmware but as the mobile technology advanced, Netgear released stable (and more usable) firmware for it. According to Netgear, what this firmware update improved WiFi performance and improved Beam forming which helped better locate connected client and direct wireless signal towards it. For those who don’t know it – Beam forming is a technology used to direct wifi signal towards its targeted client.
These inventions have become such a pervasive part of everyday life, though, that most computer and mobile-device users take it granted, and rarely – if ever – consider what WiFi is or how wireless routers, working in conjunction with WiFi signals and computing hardware, deliver wire-free Internet access. Wireless technology eventually progressed to an extent to become an invaluable tool used by the U.S. Around this time, WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) technology emerged, but the technology was proprietary, so wireless devices from one manufacturer wouldn’t work with technology from another. From its gestation period 40 years ago until now, the router has matured along with the Internet to become the linchpin of all communications – data, voice and video. Some users might even mistake the oft asked question, “Do you have WiFi?” as another way of asking “Do you have the Internet?” While the two are indeed intricately related, however, it’s quite possible to log onto the Internet without WiFi, but quite impossible to use WiFi without a wired Internet connection.
Military. However, in 1988, the NCR Corporation wanted a WLAN standard for use in their wireless cash registers, and turned to Victor Hayes, author of many of their data transfer standards. Its application seems limitless as the Internet is enhanced to support more and more features and services. The Military configured wireless signals to transmit data over a medium that had complex encryption, which makes unauthorized access to network traffic almost impossible. Hayes, along with Bruce Tuch, a Bell Labs engineer, asked the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) for assistance in utilizing these frequencies for a WLAN standard.
BBN developed the Interface Message Processor for the ARPAnet, the Internets predecessor, in the late 1960s. This type of technology was first introduced during World War II when the Army began sending battle plans over enemy lines and when Navy ships instructed their fleets from shore to shore. A committee was created with the incredibly catchy title “802.11” to develop this standard. The IMP could support 50Kbps links between nodes. Wireless is also proving to be a valuable and secure communications medium for many businesses and schools.
Nine years later, in 1997 the standard was published and was named after the committee. They can expand their computing arena by expanding their wired local area networks (LAN) using wireless LANs. The first wireless LAN came together in 1971 when networking technologies met radio communications at the University of Hawaii as a research project called ALOHNET. The bi-directional star topology of the system included seven computers deployed over four islands to communicate with the central computer on the Oahu Island without using phone lines. And so, wireless technology, as we know it, began its journey into every house, classroom, and business around the world.
Wireless Router Network Standards
There”s a lot of jargon associated with the wireless router you buy. In the previous section, we discussed what 802.11g was. The 802.11 is a common standard that helps devices talk to each other. The g is an improvement to the 802.11 standard. However, as of September 14th 2009, a new standard has finally been ratified, seven years after it was first put forward! The new standard is 802.11n. This newer standard offers faster and more reliable wireless signals. You have been able to get Draft N routers for some time now. But the ratification of the treaty by manufacturers means that a wireless adapter bought from one company should work with another”s routers, and vice versa.
There are many standards in wireless technology which different devices support. Wireless networking equipment is available that supports varying levels of industry communication standards. These standards are getting updated to support more devices at faster rates. At present, the IEEE 802.11b/g standard is hugely popular and widely accepted throughout the industry and provides the necessary balance of range, network throughput, and support for device mobility to effectively serve most needs of the University community. As newer standards emerge, such as IEEE 802.11enhancements they will be evaluated and deployed should they offer security and throughput improvements over 802.11b/g.
IEEE expanded on the original 802.11 standard in July 1999, creating the 802.11b specification. 802.11b supports bandwidth up to 11 Mbps, comparable to traditional Ethernet.802.11b uses the same unregulated radio signaling frequency (2.4 GHz) as the original 802.11 standard. Wireless networking equipment is available that supports varying levels of industry communication standards. The 802.11 a family makes use of orthogonal frequency and division multiplexing technique or also known as the OFDM technique in its quest for a larger bandwidth. Quite often, a vendor has a proprietary technology that he wants to be adopted by others would propose a standard. Vendors often prefer using these frequencies to lower their production costs.
At present, the IEEE 802.11b/g standard is widely accepted throughout the industry and provides the necessary balance of range, network throughput, and support for device mobility to effectively serve most needs of the University community. This family standard also utilizes the frequency radio band of 5 GHz and has the capability to transmit data up to 54 Mbps. This is good on the surface in so far as the proponent offers to other vendors what they have already developed. Being unregulated, 802.11b gear can incur interference from microwave ovens, cordless phones, and other appliances using the same 2.4 GHz range. As newer standards emerge, such as IEEE 802.11enhancements they will be evaluated and deployed should they offer security and throughput improvements over 802.11b/g.
Though, it may not be used widely today but it was the very first standard for wireless technology developed by IEEE long way back in October 1999. However, the proposing vendor wants others to follow its lead and therefore gain a competitive advantage. However, by installing 802.11b gear a reasonable distance from other appliances, interference can easily be avoided. This family also had a special licensing which allows it to be used over 3.7 GHz along with high power to make it suitable for use in this particular protocol for very long distances but most of these implementations are done in frequency range of 5 GHz only. In other cases, several vendors get together and establish a defacto standard which they want to become dejure standards endorsed by a standards body. The maximum speed of this family to transmit data of 54 Mbps when first stroke out, it was very attractive to a lot of bigger organizations that required high power and this kind of speed to implement in their networks. If you encounter a 802.11 a standard in use today, be rest assured it is being used for a very – very specific purpose.
Wireless Router Network Components
Network components are used in home or offices to provide services and processes. These network services and processes are the communication programs, called software, that run on the networked devices. A network service provides information in response to a request. Network services include many of the common network applications people use every day, like email hosting services and web hosting services. Processes provide the functionality that directs and moves the messages through the network. Processes are less obvious to us but are critical to the operation of networks. Most WiFi routers in India uses network standard 802.11n, but there are also new wireless routers in India that uses the more advance 802.11ac that supports dual band frequency range.
Manufacturers like Linksys are making it easier to set up wireless routers. Look for an Installation CD, or a Quick setup option. At the very least, there should be some instructions to follow along with. If you have an ADSL broadband connection, then you”ll want to buy a wireless router with a ADSL modem built in. The model below, for example, is Linksys WAG200G – Wireless-G ADSL Home Gateway. The ADSL in the product name means it has an in-built ADSL modem. In other words, you won”t need the modem that your Internet Service Provider gave you. If you look at the image below, you”ll see a socket for Line (the white one). You plug your phone cable (called and RJ11) in to this socket. At the moment, you probably have this cable plugged in to a USB modem that you got from your internet provider.
The users must set their routers at the place where there is good signal strength. The signal strength will be got with the help of highest towers and antennas. The internet users and homeowners must have to place their best home wireless router at the fast transmission signal strength place. Optimal signal coverage will fasten the transmission of data packets through the network path. Wi-Fi, WLAN, WAN, wireless internet are some of the wireless inter-networking connections for the home internet users.
How wireless routers workInstead of cabled routers which used to be the norm, a wireless router will receive the internet data through the phone line and then convert that data into radio signals. These signals are then picked up by the network card in your computer, smartphone or games console and transmitted into internet data again. If you have wireless Internet access at home, you probably have a little box called a router that plugs into your telephone socket. This kind of router is a bit like a sophisticated modem: it”s a standalone computer whose job is to relay connections to and from the Internet. At home, you might use a router to connect several computers to the Internet at once (saving on the need for several separate modems). In other words, the router does two jobs: it creates a wireless computer network, linking all your computers together, and it also gives all your machines a shared gateway to the Internet.
What wireless routers do:
You can connect a router to all your different computers using ordinary network-connecting cables (for the technically minded, these are called RJ-45, Cat 5, or Ethernet cables). This creates what”s called a LAN (local area network) linking the machines together. A computer network is a very orderly affair, more like an organized committee meeting, with carefully agreed rules of behavior, than a free-for-all cocktail party. The machines on the network have to be hooked up in a standard way and they communicate in a very orderly fashion. The rules that govern the network setup and the communication are based on an international standard called Ethernet.
If you have wireless Internet access at home, you probably have a little box called a router that plugs into your telephone socket. Routers have the capability to move data from one network to another. In the middle of that, is the wireless router. Like mobile phones, a WiFi network makes use of radio waves to transmit information across a network. This kind of router is a bit like a sophisticated modem: it’s a standalone computer whose job is to relay connections to and from the Internet.
- This allows two networks managed by different organizations to exchange data.
- I know you knew that, but it had to be said.
- The computer should include a wireless adapter that will translate data sent into a radio signal.
- At home, you might use a router to connect several computers to the Internet at once (saving on the need for several separate modems). In other words, the router does two jobs: it creates a wireless computer network, linking all your computers together, and it also gives all your machines a shared gateway to the Internet.
- They create a network between them and exchange data between the routers on that network.
Wirelessly attached to it are a laptop, a PC, and a Mac (just for you Jackson!). Actually, the Mac is in there to show that the computers don’t necessarily need to be the same kind or platform. This same signal will be transmitted, via an antenna, to a decoder known as the router. Because a router can accept traffic from any kind of network it is attached to, and forward it to any other network, it can also allow networks that could not normally communicate with each other to exchange data. One might be sending up a file to work, one might be downloading something from YouTube and one is reading MakeUseOf.com – of course. Once decoded, the data will be sent to the Internet through a wired Ethernet connection.
In technical terms, a token ring network and an ethernet network can communicate over a serial network. All this information is coming down from, and up to, the Internet. As the wireless network works as a two-way traffic, the data received from the internet will also pass through the router to be coded into a radio signal that will be received by the computer’s wireless adapter. Routers make all this possible. Believe it or not, the router can only talk to one of these things at a time! The process I’m about to talk about just happens so fast that it seems to happen all at once.
Wireless Router Security
Wireless connection is a necessity nowadays and because of this, wireless security is essential to ensure safety in your local network. The different wireless security features of your Linksys router guards your network against possible instances of hacking. Your router is the first line of defense against hackers trying to access all the internet-connected devices in your home. Based on the feature of middle range cover (
- A wireless router (see figure 2), which integrates a Wireless Access Point, Ethernet switch and internal router firmware application, is usually used to connect a group of wireless devices to an adjacent wired LAN.
- Encryption scrambles the information you send into a code so that it’s not accessible to others.
- If the default password is being used, it can be easily guessed and give someone access to your router.
- You should be concerned—and also make sure your router is set up properly.
- Wi-Fi certified and compliant devices are installed in not just in personal computer, but in equipment like PDA, home entertainment equipment, MP3 players, smart phones, printers, digital cameras, to name a few.
- Using encryption is the most effective way to secure your network from intruders.
With access to the router setup, a person could change your router settings, including viewing any security keys. Hopefully, you’ve already made these security changes. There have been quite a few instances where innocent Internet users have been arrested for sending hate emails when in reality, their email accounts where hacked though the unsecured Wi-Fi networks that they had at home. Two main types of encryption are available for this purpose: Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) and Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP). Your computer, router, and other equipment must use the same encryption. Worst of all is Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS), an ease-of-use feature that lets users bypass the network password and connect devices to a Wi-Fi network simply by entering an eight-digit PIN that’s printed on the router itself. Beyond those basics, though, there are more things you can do to lock down your network security in these increasingly hacked times. Wireshark is a free packet sniffing tool for Linux, Mac and Windows that can scan traffic flowing though a wireless network including cookies, forms and other HTTP requests. WPA2 is strongest; use it if you have a choice. Even if the network password or network name is changed, the PIN remains valid.
Wireless connection is a necessity nowadays and because of this, wireless security is essential to ensure safety in your local network. It should protect you against most hackers. The different wireless security features of your Linksys router guards your network against possible instances of hacking. Some older routers use only WEP encryption, which likely won’t protect you from some common hacking programs. With these, you can: Ensure that no one can easily connect to your wireless network and use the Internet without any permission. Consider buying a new router with WPA2 capability. Personalize access on who can configure your wireless settings. The service set identifier (SSID) is the name that’s broadcast from your Wi-Fi to the outside world so people can find the network. Protect all data that is transmitted through the wireless network. While you probably want to make the SSID public, using the generic network name/SSID generally gives it away. For example, routers from Linksys usually say “Linksys” in the name; some list the maker and model number (“NetgearR6700”). That makes it easier for others to ID your router type. Give your network a more personalized moniker.